Wednesday, May 29, 2024

Misconception of Indian Caste System

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Mystery Of India
Mystery Of India
Mystery of India is a culture and society website that presents facts about India, that have been erased from history. It updates regularly about matters related to India (like history, festivals, temples, sacred places, Culture, tradition, archaeology), the latest developments in Indian society and religions.

Casteism in India has gotten a lot of criticism, and rightly so. The way casteism is at present should not even exist. We should throw it out. Casteism as we find it today is now nothing more than a misrepresentation and misinterpretation of a legitimate and progressive Vedic system known as varnashrama. However, we need to know the difference between the two, then get rid of present-day casteism to again utilize the genuine and liberal form of social organization, known as varnashrama.


The casteism that we find today says that if you are born in a family of a certain classification, then you are of the same class with little possibility of changing. It dictates that your social order, occupational potential and characteristics are the same as your parents, which is a label that may have been placed on a family hundreds of years ago.

In the Vedic system, there were four basic classifications. There were the Brahmanas (priests and intellectuals), the Kshatriyas (warriors or Soldiers), Vaishyas (the merchants or businessman), and the Shudras (common laborers, musicians, dancers, etc.).

Casteism says that if you are born of a Brahmana family, then you are a Brahmana, no matter whether you truly exhibit the genuine characteristics of a Brahmana or not. It is as if when one is born in a doctor’s family, the child is also considered a doctor. Pyramid of Indian caste System
However, anyone knows that to become a doctor requires the proper training and perception to see if the child will be a qualified doctor or not. Just being born in the family of a doctor does not mean that the children will also be doctors, although this may help. But they surely are not doctors merely by birth. Training and intelligence must be there. And before training, there also must be the proclivity, tendency, and attraction to even be a doctor. Without that, no amount of training will be of much use because the student will still not want to be, or qualify to be a doctor. Therefore, this form of modern day casteism is useless.


The original Vedic system called varnashrama was legitimate and virtuous. It was meant for the progressive organization of society.Varnashrama is the Vedic system that divides society into four natural groups depending on individual characteristics and dispositions. Everyone has certain tendencies by their own natural inclinations and choice. These inclinations are also seen in one’s occupational preferences. These activities are divided into four basic divisions called varnas.

Varna literally means color, relating to the color or disposition of one’s consciousness, and, thus, one’s likelihood of preferring or showing various tendencies for a particular set of occupations. This would be determined not by one’s birth, but by one’s proclivities as observed by the teachers in the school that the student was attending.

For example, there are those who prefer to offer service to society through physical labor or working for others, or through various forms of expressions likedance and music (called Shudras); those who serve through agriculture, trade, commerce, business, and banking or administrative work (Vaishyas); those who have the talents of leaders, government administration, police or military, and the protection of society (Kshatriyas); and those who are by nature intellectuals, contemplative, and inspired by acquiring spiritual and philosophical knowledge, and motivated to work in this way for the rest of society (the Brahmanas).

It was never a factor of whether a person had a certain ancestry or birth that determined which class was most appropriate for him or her, although being born in a particular family or tribe would give a natural likelihood to continue in the same line of activity.

Ashramas divided society for spiritual reasons. These were Brahmacharya (students), Grihasthas (householders), Vanaprasthas (the retired stage, at which time a person begins to give up materialistic pursuits and focus on spiritual goals), and Sannyasa (those who were renounced from all materialistic affairs, usually toward the end of their lives, and completely dedicated to spiritual activities). This provided a general pattern for one’s life in which people could work out their desires and develop spiritually at the same time.
The ashramas divided an individual’s life so that a person could fulfill all of one’s basic desires as well as accomplish the spiritual goals of life. Only according to one’s qualities, tendencies, and traits, usually as one grew up in school, was it determined which varna was best for that person. And then he would be trained accordingly to do the most suited work that fit his qualities, much like the way counselors work with students in schools today.

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Kulbhushan Singhal
9 years ago

The problem with Hindus is that they seriously believe that they are the oldest civilization of the world, and then they conveniently forget that, physical realities, as mentioned below can only be constructed through ancient History and NOT by quoting a Shloka.

Click Link & Read::

Gagan Josan
9 years ago

there is no way to prove which is oldest civilization in this world.Everyone country has own history.
But India is one of the wolrd's oldest continues civilization. As many other civ like Egypt don't hold same culture, religion, tradition, etc
By the way we have to eliminate this caste system or replace it with the genuine system of varnashrama

8 years ago

A nice and a very Important Information which all should know

Abhishek Bhgaotia
Abhishek Bhgaotia
8 years ago

Nice article. I want to add that race has to start equally for all and even if Varnashram was not by birth, it can still be argued that doctor's child will get better attention and education for grooming then Labrourer's son and since Education is not state provided only, we don't have a common starting point.
Best Teacher & facility will not be available to all. Therefore, it is not only division of work but also division of workers with unequal starting point.
We may have our views but it doesn't change the practical reality.

8 years ago

A very good insight indeed! 1) Imperial n racist westerns preaching democracy n equality has been the biggest irony. A civilization spanning over 1000’s n 1000’s of years is bound to have its ups and downs. But dividing the society by manipulating the narrative has been the biggest harm done. 2) Also viewing success, happiness based on material parameters set by west is the biggest mistake on our part. Traditionally we have been a land of abundance with greenery, richness, good weather, water bodies, name anything; while the west was struggling. The abundance was so much that as per Asharama,… Read more »

Shobhit Shakya
Shobhit Shakya
7 years ago

Hierarchical categorization of work, is the major flaw of Hindu societal structure or the varnashrama. With high barrier to entry for childern of low class workers towards higher class work, it is certain that eventually this flawed system will cause disparity and poverty to important sections of the population like the farmers, businessmen and labourers. Karna in Mahabharata is proof how flawed the Hindu system is. It is foolish even to try to defend the caste system. It is the caste system in Hinduism that is the cause of demise of the civilization in the Indian sub-continent. With only priority… Read more »

7 years ago

You should have brought out the importance of Purusha Sukhtham here. The varans are a part od god head Shasra shrisha purush. The brahmins are the head, the kshatriyas are the shoulders, viashyas are the stomach and shudra are the legs of this Purusha. You can google and see. In many mantras this is recited as a part of rituals. This is from Vedas. Finally this this sukhtham talks about how the world will vanish in the deluge. May be you can write about this.

6 years ago

Only someone affected by this as a Shudra can throw light on this faulty system. Brahmanas will always claim that this is the best system as it benefits them. Whatever the reason, differentiation is a bad idea… then and now.

5 years ago
Reply to  SantYogi

The Caste system had the most horrific effect on High caste Brahmin women. Once widowed, they were forced to shave their head, wear only white saris – with no blouse, to humiliate them further. Also, no jewellery at all at a time when women were dripping with jewellery. They were forced to eat only one frugal meal a day, and were required to fast frequently. They were cursed by everyone, not allowed to attend weddings or any festivals. Even child widows as young as 6 or 7 had their heads tonsured!! They were failed by their families, by their men… Read more »

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